12 Best Types Of Flooring For Homes And Buildings


The majority of homeowners think of marble or tiles when they think of flooring. However, there is a multitude of flooring options available. Some are well-known, while others are less known among people. Each of these alternatives has its virtues in beauty, affordability, durability, and other variables. The types of flooring used in a specific room have a significant impact on its interior’s aesthetics.

Hardwood flooring, for example, is one of the most popular choices for a wood floor, but it’s not always a carpet-friendly alternative. It all depends on the appearance you want to achieve, so take the time to look at all the different flooring types before purchasing.

Here are some popular types of flooring materials you can choose for your dream home.

Types Of Flooring

The most vital point to know is that neither is better or worse; they have different applications. Some of the popular types of flooring are –

1. Marble Flooring

Marble is a naturally occurring rock that you may find in various locations across India. Marble comes in different attractive colors, including pink, grey, and white, associated with style and wealth.

It is porous and easy to maintain, and it may last up to 25 years in some situations, making it one of the most acceptable flooring options.

On the other hand, some low-quality stones tend to get yellow over time. This one is expensive because of its natural occurrence and restricted supply and hence serves as a sort of “status symbol” for many households. 

Marble Flooring types
Marble Flooring
Source: marbledoctorva.com

2. Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood flooring is available in strips, planks, and parquet patterns and is a high-maintenance yet popular alternative. This type of floor can last a long period if adequately maintained.

Hardwood floors come in various natural hues, such as walnut and cherry, and can be used to match a variety of decorating styles.

Even though this type of flooring is more expensive than other options, it is still a popular aesthetic choice. Noises, creaks, and squeaks might happen due to regular wear and tear.

Hardwood Flooring
Hardwood Flooring
source: thespruce.com

3. Bamboo Flooring

Even though bamboo flooring falls under hardwood, most producers place it in its category. The environmentally friendly choice offers a hardness similar to oak and is an eco-friendly flooring option for your home.

Although natural bamboo flooring has a light wood color, processing treatments can give the material a deeper finish and look like other stained wood options. Moso bamboo, which is imported from China, produces the majority of bamboo hardwood.

The plant, technically a grass and not a tree, can reach more than 70 feet in less than 60 days. Also, to survive, this environmentally friendly plant does not require water, pesticides, or herbicides.

It matures in around five years, compared to 20 or more years for most hardwoods, making it easy to replenish the supply. Furthermore, because bamboo is grass and not a tree, there is no need for a costly and time-consuming replanting process to grow more.

It germinates by an underground rhizome, which allows it to develop swiftly and prevents soil erosion around the crop. Many types of bamboo floors qualify for the famous LEED Certification since they are so environmentally friendly.

Bamboo Flooring
Bamboo Flooring
Source: carpettogo.com

4. Laminate Flooring

Laminate flooring is suitable for homeowners who want to replicate the look of a wood or stone floor without spending the extra money to get the real thing.

Laminate has a very long life span and will not fade or discolor for at least a decade. It is not quickly impacted by moisture, unlike wood, and requires far less maintenance than wood or stone.

As a result, pricing isn’t the only benefit laminate has over the materials it wants to imitate. Cleaning laminate is as simple as using a broom and a mop – no additional care is required.

Laminate Flooring
Laminate Flooring
Source: homeedit.com

5. Granite Flooring

Granite, a natural stone available in various attractive colors in the market, can add a touch of refinement to any setting. Granite is relatively easy to maintain and requires scratch prevention due to its excellent stain resistance and durability. Granite floors remain cold most of the time, making them a perfect choice among various flooring varieties.

granite flooring
Granite Flooring
Source: ansiindia.com

6. Linoleum Flooring

When most people think of linoleum floors, they think of slick-looking kitchens from the 1970s. Fortunately, the option has come a long way since then, and there are now many appealing options accessible.

Linoleum is an environmentally friendly substance made from renewable, biodegradable ingredients such as linseed oil and cork. It comes in sheets, and you glue them straight to the floor to install it.

Mineral pigments are used to generate a wide range of vibrant colors and patterns on the sheets, which can then be sealed with a protective coating to prevent deterioration and wear.

If your linoleum comes with this protection, it will endure an extended period. If you don’t have it, you’ll have to refinish your floors every two years to keep them looking new.

Linoleum Flooring
Linoleum Flooring
Source: thehoneycombhome.com

7. Tile Flooring

For damp spaces such as bathrooms and kitchens, tile flooring is a common choice. Tile is water-resistant, long-lasting, and available in a wide range of shapes and colors. Ceramic and porcelain are the most used tile materials.

The installation cost varies by the material; for example, glazed ceramic tile is less expensive than porcelain tile. Some of the pros include waterproofness, durability, and glossy appearance.

Some cons include: expensive, difficult to set up before installation, a significant amount of preparation work is required, and it is icy and slick.

Ceramic Tile Flooring
Ceramic Tile Flooring
Source: kajariaceramics.com

8. Cork Flooring

If you want something that has a low environmental impact, a cork floor is another alternative. The bark of a tree is taken without harming the tree. The bark regenerates every eight to ten years and can be used to manufacture cork flooring again.

It has the same warm appearance of wood but with unique grain patterns that can include speckles and swirls. It’s available in tiles or planks and is made the same way as laminate flooring, with a top layer attached to a sturdy core material underneath.

Cork Flooring
Source: thespruce.com

9. Vinyl Flooring

Vinyl flooring offers a rich, deep, and exquisite appearance similar to wood, although vinyl is an entirely synthetic material. Vinyl floors will always be long-lasting, impact-resistant, scratch-resistant, and affordable. Vinyl is a good substitute if you want a luxurious-looking floor but don’t want to break the bank.

Vinyl Flooring
Vinyl Flooring
Source: terramaterfloors.com.au

10. Carpet Flooring

Carpeting is another popular and adaptable flooring type. It is weaved from various materials and comes in more colors and textures than any other available option. Look for the fiber density count to determine the quality of the carpet.

The more fibers per square inch there are, the more durable the product will be. Some carpeting options will use a rating system to forecast how well it will hold up to wear and tear.

It is usually based on a scale of 1 to 5, with options ranging from 3 to 4 considered normal. Carpeting, including carpet tiles, can be created from various materials, which as wool. 

Carpet Flooring
Carpet Flooring
Source: andersontuftex.com

11. Terrazzo Flooring

Terrazzo flooring, which originated in the Mediterranean region, has been used for thousands of years. Terrazzo is not acid-resistant because of the marble component. Harsh alkaline solutions will severely destroy terrazzo flooring; that’s why we should permanently seal it with suitable materials.

Terrazzo Flooring
Terrazzo Flooring
Source: tmsupply.com


Choosing the right flooring material for your home is more complicated than picking the most attractive or the cheapest option. Moisture, durability, ease of care, and price are all important considerations to consider.

Because a new floor is an investment, you should choose one that balances your demands and your taste. Discuss with your flooring contractor and share your ideas in detail. It will ensure your project satisfaction when completed.

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